The Ebb & Flow BLOG

How farmland fuels the Lowcountry’s economy

The Lowcountry of South Carolina is known for its historic buildings, renowned landscapes, and delicious food. But did you know that farmland also plays a vital role in fueling the region’s economy?

A vibrant and resilient Lowcountry depends on a solid economy, a thoughtfully developed and appropriately scaled environment, and robust natural resources. These distinct yet complimentary components must be seamlessly integrated to embody a functioning community. Protected land and conservation-focused traditional agricultural production practices, in particular, generate revenue, provide jobs, support a wide range of businesses and industries, and benefit the environment. 

Farmland fuels revenue generation

The South Carolina Department of Agriculture estimates that agriculture contributes $24.7 billion annually to the South Carolina economy. The Lowcountry is home to some of the most productive farmland in the state. According to a 2023 study by the American Farmland Trust, agriculture contributes over $2 billion annually to the Lowcountry economy, making it the region’s largest industry. Despite this, we are losing an estimated 200 acres per day of agricultural and forested lands. 

Farmland fuels jobs

Farmland also supports over 20,000 jobs in the region alone. State-wide, agriculture is South Carolina’s most prominent private industry, supporting over 190,000 jobs, according to the South Carolina Department of Agriculture. Farmers, farmworkers, and other agricultural workers are vital in fueling the region’s economy.

Farmland fuels the region’s environment

In addition to its economic benefits, farmland also plays a vital role in enhancing the Lowcountry’s environment. Sustainably managed farmland helps to filter water, improve air quality, prevent soil erosion, and support wildlife habitat. Farmland also provides area residents with scenic vistas and opportunities for outdoor recreation. Farmland helps to preserve the Lowcountry’s rural character. When farmland is kept in production, it helps to prevent the development of sprawl and sustains the region’s natural beauty.

How to support farmland in the Lowcountry

Farmland is under threat in the Lowcountry, with South Carolina ranking in the top 10 of states with threatened farmland related to urban sprawl. Development pressure is increasing, and many farmers struggle to make a living. Concurrently, our economy relies heavily on protecting traditional Lowcountry landscapes for food production. 

Lowcountry Land Trust is committed to protecting farmland in the region. The Land Trust works with farmers and landowners to conserve farmland through various means, including easements, fee-simple acquisition, and agricultural leases. Our 2023-2025 Strategic Plan highlights how we will restore our own proper, Thornhill Farm, to fully active operations to serve as an ambassador site for agrarian conservation and a model of a land trust connecting community members to local agriculture and with each other.  

Currently managed by Chucktown Acres using a regenerative agriculture model, Thornhill Farm is 93.96 acres and is located east of Highway 17 North in McClellanville. The farm contains a seven-acre lake and approximately 22 acres of wooded area. The remaining 65 acres are agricultural fields. Thornhill Farm was a bargain sale purchase in 2014 by the ECLT Foundation (an East Cooper Land Trust-related entity, now Lowcountry Land Trust) using funds from the Charleston County Greenbelt Program and the South Carolina Conservation Bank. Lowcountry Land Trust holds a conservation easement on the entire farm.

There are also several ways you can support Lowcountry farmland, including:

By supporting Lowcountry farmland, you are helping to fuel the region’s economy. Without conserved farmland, we would lose what makes the Lowcountry thrive. 


American Farmland Trust, “Farmland Protection: A Win for the Economy and the Environment” (2023)

South Carolina Department of Agriculture, “South Carolina Agriculture: An Economic Impact Analysis” (2023)